Use of electronic nicotine delivery systems and other tobacco products among USA adults, 2014: results from a national survey

Scott R. Weaver, Ban Ahmed Majeed, Terry F. Pechacek, Amy L. Nyman, Kyle R. Gregory, Michael P. Eriksen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Scopus citations


Objectives: This study assessed the awareness and use of traditional and novel tobacco products and dual use of cigarettes with electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) among USA adults. Methods: Data were obtained from the 2014 Tobacco Products and Risk Perceptions Survey of a probability sample of 5717 USA adults conducted June–November, 2014. Results: Use of ENDS varied by demography and by cigarette and other tobacco use. Adults aged 25–34, non-heterosexual adults, and those reporting poorer health reported higher rates of current ENDS use. Current cigarette smokers had much greater odds of ENDS ever use than never smokers, with one-half of all cigarette smokers having used ENDS and 20.7 % currently using them. However, 22.0 % of current ENDS users were former cigarette smokers, and 10.0 % were never cigarette smokers. Conclusions: Patterns of ENDS use are evolving rapidly and merit continued surveillance. Nearly 10 % of adult ENDS usage is among never smokers. The public health challenge is how to enhance the potential that ENDS can replace combusted tobacco products without expanding nicotine use among youth, long-term ex-smokers, and other vulnerable populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-188
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016



  • Awareness
  • Electronic cigarette
  • Electronic nicotine delivery systems
  • Prevalence
  • Regulatory science
  • Tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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