Short passages were read and classified as being either meaningful or nonmeaningful in Experiment 1. Each passage contained a target consisting of a meaningful (appropriate) base word, a nonmeaningful pseudohomophone or pseudoword, or an inappropriate word. Classification errors were particularly high when passages contained a pseudohomophone. Viewing durations on pseudohomophone errors were equivalent to viewing durations on base words, indicating that pseudohomophone errors were not the result of a post-lexical error recovery process. Instead, pseudohomophone errors appeared to result from the use of assembled phonology in the selection of lexical representations. Shorter first fixation durations on phonologically regular words than on exception words, during the reading of semantically congruent sentences in Experiment 2, were consistent with this view. However, phonological regularity and consistency effects during sentence reading (Experiments 2 and 3) did not correspond to effects of phonology during target naming (Experiments 4 to 7). The comparison of delayed and on-line naming tasks revealed virtually identical regularity and consistency effects, indicating that effects of phonology in that task may not arise during the initial phase of word recognition.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
- Language and Linguistics
- Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
- Linguistics and Language
- Artificial Intelligence