Increased VEGF expression is found in several pathologies characterized by abnormal angiogenesis. Previous studies have shown that the transcription factor STAT3 mediates VEGF gene transcription and its activation. In this study, Western analysis and confocal immunocytochemistry were used to examine STAT3 activation in retinal microvascular endothelial cells (BREC). We found that VEGF rapidly induces STAT3 tyrosine phosphorylation and nuclear translocation. Immunoprecipitation studies also showed that VEGF forms a complex with VEGFR2 only in BREC and not in aortic macrovascular endothelial cells (BAEC). In addition, quantitative real-time RT-PCR analysis of VEGF-induced VEGF expression showed a significant increase in specific mRNA formation only in BREC and not in BAEC, and this effect was significantly reduced by antisense-mediated reduction of STAT3 expression. Furthermore, studies conducted in human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HDMEC) showed that, in this endothelial cell type, VEGF autocrine expression is also accompanied by STAT3 activation as in BREC. In this study we showed that VEGF can differentially induce STAT3 activation in micro- versus macro-vascular endothelial cells and that this effect is linked to VEGFR2/STAT3 complex formation, which correlates with VEGF autocrine ability to stimulate its own gene expression.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||The FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology|
|State||Published - Aug 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology