Objective: To determine the relationships between visceral and general adiposity, cardiovascular fitness, and markers of the insulin resistance syndrome in obese black and white teenagers. Research Methods and Procedures: Cross-sectional survey of 81 obese 13-to 16-year-old youths. Visceral adipose tissue was measured with magnetic resonance imaging, and percentage body fat was measured with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Cardiovascular fitness was assessed with a submaximal treadmill test. Fasting blood samples were analyzed for lipids/lipoproteins and insulin. Resting blood pressure was obtained using an automated cuff. Results: Visceral adipose tissue was significantly correlated with unfavorable levels of: triacylglycerol (r = 0.27, p < 0.05), total cholesterol (r = 0.27, p < 0.05), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (r = -0.26, p < 0.05), the ratio of total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (r = 0.42, p < 0.01), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (r = 0.27, p < 0.05), apolipoprotein B (r = 0.38, p < 0.01), and systolic blood pressure (r = 0.30, p < 0.01). Multiple regression analyses revealed that visceral adipose tissue was more powerful than percentage body fat for explaining variance in lipoproteins (e.g., for the ratio of total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, r2 = 0.13, p < 0.01, and for systolic blood pressure, r2 = 0.07, p < 0.05). Ethnicity was the most powerful of the demographic predictors for blood lipids (r2 = 0.15 for triacylglycerol with lower levels in blacks; r2 = 0.10 for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol with higher levels in blacks; r2 = 0.06 for the ratio of total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol with lower levels in blacks). Cardiovascular fitness was not retained as a significant predictor of markers of the insulin resistance syndrome. Discussion: Some of the deleterious relationships between visceral adiposity and markers for the insulin resistance syndrome seen in adults were already present in these obese young people.
- Insulin resistance syndrome
- Visceral adipose tissue
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Food Science
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health