Web-Based Lifestyle Interventions for Survivors of Cancer: Usability Study

Victoria Williams, Nashira Brown, Justin Xavier Moore, David Farrell, Suzanne Perumean-Chaney, Erica Schleicher, Kevin Fontaine, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Dori Pekmezi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Internet-based lifestyle programs are increasingly being used to deliver health behavior change interventions to survivors of cancer. However, little is known about website use in this population or its association with healthy lifestyle changes. Objective: The aim of this study is to describe lifestyle intervention website use (log-ins, time on website, and page views) among survivors of cancer and patterns of use by participant characteristics. In addition, associations were explored between website use and changes in healthy lifestyle knowledge and practice. Methods: A total of 35 survivors of cancer were recruited between August 2017 and 2018 to participate in a 2-week, single-arm pilot test of the SurvivorSHINE lifestyle intervention website. Knowledge and practices related to healthy diet and physical activity behaviors were measured at baseline and follow-up. Website use (eg, time spent on the website, frequency of log-ins, and page views) were collected from the SurvivorSHINE administrative site during the intervention period. Patterns of use were examined by participants' gender and race. Correlations between website use and changes in healthy lifestyle knowledge, physical activity, diet, and weight were explored. Mann-Whitney U tests were used to compare demographic factors on website use. Results: Participants logged into the SurvivorSHINE intervention website an average of 3.2 (SD 2) times over the 2-week period and spent a total average of 94 (SD 56) minutes viewing the website during the intervention. Examining website activity, 1905 page views were logged. The User Profile (344 page views) and Home sections (301 page views) were the most frequently visited components. No associations were observed between the frequency of log-ins or the total time on the website, improvements in knowledge related to healthy lifestyles, or changes in body weight or dietary intake. However, the total time on the website was positively correlated with improvements in accelerometer-measured physical activity (r=0.74; P=.02) and self-reported physical activity (r=0.35; P=.04). Conclusions: Survivors of cancer demonstrated clear interest in a diet and exercise intervention website, as evidenced by their frequency of log-ins, page views on numerous features, and total viewing time. Moreover, increased website use was correlated with improvements in physical activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere30974
JournalJMIR Formative Research
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Cancer survivors
  • Diet
  • Digital health
  • Exercise
  • Internet
  • Lifestyle
  • Online health
  • Physical activity
  • Web-based
  • Website
  • Weight management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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