Weight Reduction Goal Achievement Among Veterans With Mental Health Diagnoses

Caroline R. McKinnon, Jane T. Garvin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Despite the use of weight management programs among veterans, the impact of mental health diagnoses on weight reduction goal achievement is unknown. AIMS: We aimed to describe the prevalence and association of mental health diagnoses with a 5% weight reduction goal achievement. METHODS: Logistic regression was used to describe the association between mental health diagnoses and weight reduction goal achievement at 6, 12, and 24 months among 402 veterans enrolled in a weight management program. RESULTS: More than 43% of veterans had a mental health diagnoses, with depressive disorders, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and substance use disorders being the most prevalent. At all three times, simply having a mental health diagnosis was not associated with weight reduction goal achievement. Specific diagnoses were associated with a greater likelihood of achieving weight reduction goals at 12 months (PTSD and Drug Use Disorder) and 24 months (Anxiety Disorder and Other Mental Health Diagnosis). CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that unhealthy weight is quite common for individuals with mental health diagnoses; however, weight reduction goal achievement may be equally likely for those with and without mental health diagnoses. The prevalence of mental health diagnoses among veterans seeking weight reduction suggests that psychiatric nurses should be aware of this common comorbidity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-265
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019

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Keywords

  • mental illness
  • obesity
  • outcomes
  • prevalence
  • veterans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health

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