Antigenic specificities of intestinal CD4+Foxp3+ T cells.

  • Ignatowicz, Leszek, (PI)

Project: Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In the intestine, regulatory T cells that express Foxp3 transcription factor (Tregs) are critical for the regulation of adaptive immune response to commensal antigens. Tregs differentiate in the thymus (tTregs) or convert from naive, peripheral Foxp3- T cells (pTregs).It is currently unclear if tTregs and pTregs have redundant or complimentary role in maintenance of intestinal homeostasis. Our long term goal is to understand how the homeostatic balance in the intestine depends on pTregs and tTregs, and how their TCR repertoires can change by exposure to antibiotics. Our central hypothesis is that clonal expansions and selective trophism of tTregs are essential to sustain intestinal equilibrium.
To test our hypothesis we propose two specific aims. First we will characterize TCRs on mucosal Tregs in the intestine of CNS1mut mice that lack pTregs but have normal tTregs. In addition, in these mice CD4+ T cells express semi diverse repertoire of TCRs and all Tregs are labeled with green fluorescent protein (GFP). We hypothesize that in these mice mucosal tTregs will control intestinal na?ve and effector T cells, and that TCRs expressed by tTregs can be specific to commensal antigens. Second, we will investigate how antibiotic treatment early in life can permanently change microbial flora and clonal diversity of intestinal Tregs. We hypothesize that changes in the diversity for microbial flora induced by neonatal exposure to antibiotics permanently alter repertoire of intestinal tTregs.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date8/1/141/31/16

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $377,500.00

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Intestines
Epitopes
Anti-Bacterial Agents
T-Lymphocytes
Antigens
Adaptive Immunity
Regulatory T-Lymphocytes
Green Fluorescent Proteins
Thymus Gland
Homeostasis
Transcription Factors
Maintenance

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)