α-Adrenergic receptor blockade attenuates pressor response during mental stress in young black adults

Jin Hee Jeong, Michelle L. Brown, Gaston Kapuku, Gregory A. Harshfield, Jeanie Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Black individuals exhibit increased blood pressure (BP) responses to sympathetic stimulation that are associated with an increased risk of hypertension (HTN). We tested the hypothesis that α1-adrenergic blockade inhibits the increased BP response during and after 45-min stress in young normotensive Black adults, which may be mediated, in part, by dampened vasoconstriction and decreased renal sodium retention. Utilizing a double-masked randomized, crossover study design, 51 normotensive Black adults (31 ± 8 yr) were treated with either a placebo or 1 mg/day of prazosin for 1 week. On the final day of each treatment, hemodynamic measures and urinary sodium excretion (UNaV) were collected before (Rest), during (Stress) and after (Recovery) 45 min of mental stress induced via a competitive video game task. During the Stress period, diastolic BP and total peripheral resistance (TPR) were significantly lower with prazosin compared to placebo (p <.05 for both). Similarly, we observed lower systolic BP, diastolic BP, and TPR during the Recovery period with prazosin versus placebo (p <.05 for both). There was no effect of prazosin on stress-associated UNaV. The change in systolic BP from Rest to Recovery was positively associated with the change in TPR with both treatments (p <.05 for both). In summary, prazosin treatment dampened BP reactivity to 45-min mental stress and lowered post-stress BP over the recovery period, which was linked to reduce TPR in young normotensive Black adults. These results suggest that α1-adrenergic receptor activity may contribute to BP responses and delayed BP recovery to prolonged mental stress through increased vasoconstriction in Black adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere14642
JournalPhysiological reports
Volume8
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Blacks
  • Hypertension
  • Mental Stress
  • α-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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