αv Integrin, p38 Mitogen-activated Protein Kinase, and Urokinase Plasminogen Activator Are Functionally Linked in Invasive Breast Cancer Cells

Jian Chen, Christopher Baskerville, Qiwei Han, Zhixing K. Pan, Shuang Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

We reported previously that endogenous p38 MAPK activity is elevated in invasive breast cancer cells and that constitutive p38 MAPK activity is important for overproduction of uPA in these cells (Huang, S., New, L., Pan, Z., Han, J., and Nemerow, G. R. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 12266-12272). However, it is unclear how elevated endogenous p38 MAPK activity is maintained in invasive breast cancer cells. In the present study, we found that blocking αv integrin functionality with a function-blocking monoclonal antibody or down-regulating αv integrin expression with αv-specific antisense oligonucleotides significantly decreased the levels of active p38 MAPK and inhibited cell-associated uPA expression in invasive breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells. These results suggest a function link between αv integrin, p38 MAPK activity, and uPA expression in invasive tumor cells. We also found that vitronectin/αv integrin ligation specifically induced p38 MAPK activation and uPA up-regulation in invasive MDA-MB-231 cells but not in non-invasive MCF7 cells. Finally, using a panel of melanoma cells, we demonstrated that the cytoplasmic tail of αv integrin subunit is required for α v integrin ligation-induced p38 MAPK activation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47901-47905
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume276
Issue number51
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 21 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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