20-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic Acid (20-HETE) Metabolism in Coronary Endothelial Cells

Terry L. Kaduce, Xiang Fang, Shawn D. Harmon, Christine L. Oltman, Kevin C Dellsperger, Lynn M. Teesch, V. Raj Gopal, J. R. Falck, William B. Campbell, Neal Lee Weintraub, Arthur A. Spector

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have investigated the role of endothelial cells in the metabolism of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), a vasoactive mediator synthesized from arachidonic acid by cytochrome P450 ω-oxidases. Porcine coronary artery endothelial cells (PCEC) incorporated 20-[3H]HETE primarily into the sn-2 position of phospholipids through a coenzyme A-dependent process. The incorporation was reduced by equimolar amounts of arachidonic, eicosapentaenoic or 8,9-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids, but some uptake persisted even when a 10-fold excess of arachidonic acid was available. The retention of 20-[3H]HETE increased substantially when methyl arachidonoyl fluorophosphonate, but not bromoenol lactone, was added, suggesting that a Ca2+-dependent cytosolic phospholipase A2 released the 20-HETE contained in PCEC phospholipids. Addition of calcium ionophore A23187 produced a rapid release of 20-[3H]HETE from the PCEC, a finding that also is consistent with a Ca2+-dependent mobilization process. PCEC also converted 20-[3H]HETE to 20-carboxy-arachidonic acid (20-COOH-AA) and 18-, 16-, and 14-carbon β-oxidation products. 20-COOH-AA produced vasodilation in porcine coronary arterioles, but 20-HETE was inactive. These results suggest that the incorporation of 20-HETE and its subsequent conversion to 20-COOH-AA in the endothelium may be important in modulating coronary vascular function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2648-2656
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 23 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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