7.0-T Magnetic Resonance Imaging Characterization of Acute Blood-Brain-Barrier Disruption Achieved with Intracranial Irreversible Electroporation

Paulo A. Garcia, John H. Rossmeisl, John L. Robertson, John D. Olson, Annette J. Johnson, Thomas L. Ellis, Rafael V. Davalos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The blood-brain-barrier (BBB) presents a significant obstacle to the delivery of systemically administered chemotherapeutics for the treatment of brain cancer. Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is an emerging technology that uses pulsed electric fields for the non-thermal ablation of tumors. We hypothesized that there is a minimal electric field at which BBB disruption occurs surrounding an IRE-induced zone of ablation and that this transient response can be measured using gadolinium (Gd) uptake as a surrogate marker for BBB disruption. The study was performed in a Good Laboratory Practices (GLP) compliant facility and had Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) approval. IRE ablations were performed in vivo in normal rat brain (n = 21) with 1-mm electrodes (0.45 mm diameter) separated by an edge-to-edge distance of 4 mm. We used an ECM830 pulse generator to deliver ninety 50-μs pulse treatments (0, 200, 400, 600, 800, and 1000 V/cm) at 1 Hz. The effects of applied electric fields and timing of Gd administration (-5, +5, +15, and +30 min) was assessed by systematically characterizing IRE-induced regions of cell death and BBB disruption with 7.0-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and histopathologic evaluations. Statistical analysis on the effect of applied electric field and Gd timing was conducted via Fit of Least Squares with α = 0.05 and linear regression analysis. The focal nature of IRE treatment was confirmed with 3D MRI reconstructions with linear correlations between volume of ablation and electric field. Our results also demonstrated that IRE is an ablation technique that kills brain tissue in a focal manner depicted by MRI (n = 16) and transiently disrupts the BBB adjacent to the ablated area in a voltage-dependent manner as seen with Evan's Blue (n = 5) and Gd administration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere50482
JournalPloS one
Volume7
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 30 2012

Fingerprint

blood-brain barrier
Electroporation
electroporation
Ablation
Blood-Brain Barrier
magnetic resonance imaging
gadolinium
Gadolinium
Electric fields
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
electric field
Magnetic resonance
Brain
Imaging techniques
brain
Evans Blue
Animal Care Committees
Pulse generators
Ablation Techniques
Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

Cite this

7.0-T Magnetic Resonance Imaging Characterization of Acute Blood-Brain-Barrier Disruption Achieved with Intracranial Irreversible Electroporation. / Garcia, Paulo A.; Rossmeisl, John H.; Robertson, John L.; Olson, John D.; Johnson, Annette J.; Ellis, Thomas L.; Davalos, Rafael V.

In: PloS one, Vol. 7, No. 11, e50482, 30.11.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Garcia, Paulo A. ; Rossmeisl, John H. ; Robertson, John L. ; Olson, John D. ; Johnson, Annette J. ; Ellis, Thomas L. ; Davalos, Rafael V. / 7.0-T Magnetic Resonance Imaging Characterization of Acute Blood-Brain-Barrier Disruption Achieved with Intracranial Irreversible Electroporation. In: PloS one. 2012 ; Vol. 7, No. 11.
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