A case series describing thermal injury resulting from zeolite use for hemorrhage control in combat operations

John McManus, Timothy Hurtado, Anthony Pusateri, Kevin J. Knoop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations


Four cases are presented to illustrate cutaneous burns sustained with the use of zeolite in the treatment of major hemorrhage secondary to combat wounds. Zeolite, a microporous crystalline aluminosilicate granular hemostatic agent, can cause secondary thermal injuries through an exothermic reaction that is likely related to the absorption of free fluid at the hemorrhage site. Understanding of this process may help both military and civilian EMS personnel avoid or minimize secondary thermal injury while still benefiting from zeolite's hemostatic capabilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-71
Number of pages5
JournalPrehospital Emergency Care
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2007
Externally publishedYes



  • Burn
  • Hemorrhage
  • QuikClot®
  • Trauma
  • Zeolite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency

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