A cross-sectional study of financial distress in persons with multimorbidity

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Abstract

Background: Financial distress among persons with multimorbidity is an important topic which has been inadequately addressed to date. Objective: We examined the extent of financial distress among persons with multimorbidity, using data from the 2017 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). Design: Cross-sectional, population-based study. Participants: Adults ages ≥ 18 years with multimorbidity. Main measures: Low income and selected social determinants of health that are indicators of financial distress. Key results: Multimorbidity was more common among those with a household income of less than $15,000 per year (P < 0.001) and among those who were 65 years of age or older (P < 0.001). There was an approximately linear increase in the percentage of individuals who had a household income of less than $15,000 or $25,000 per year with increasing number of morbidities. About one-quarter of individuals who had five or more morbidities had a household income of less than $15,000 per year as compared with 4.49% of individuals with no morbidities (P < 0.001). For all of the social determinants of health examined (Couldn't pay bills, didn't have money for food, didn't have money for balanced meals, didn't have enough money to make ends meet, and felt this kind of stress), there was an approximately linear increase in the percentage of individuals with an indicator of financial distress with increasing number of morbidities. Further research is needed examining the prevalence and correlates of financial distress in this population as well effective strategies for ameliorating its impact on the health and wellbeing of these persons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101464
JournalPreventive Medicine Reports
Volume23
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Costs
  • Financial distress
  • Multimorbidity
  • Social determinants of health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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