A Culturally Sensitive Web-based Intervention to Improve Living Donor Kidney Transplant Among African Americans

Rachel E. Patzer, Laura McPherson, Nakeva Redmond, Derek DuBay, Carlos Zayas, Erica Hartmann, Laura Mulloy, Jennie Perryman, Stephen Pastan, Kimberly Jacob Arriola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Introduction: There are pervasive racial disparities in access to living donor kidney transplantation, which for most patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) represents the optimal treatment. We previously developed a theory-driven, culturally sensitive intervention for African American (AA) patients with kidney disease called Living ACTS (About Choices in Transplantation and Sharing) as a DVD and booklet, and found this intervention was effective in increasing living donor transplant knowledge. However, it is unknown whether modifying this intervention for a Web-based environment is effective at increasing access to living donor transplantation. Methods: We describe the Web-based Living ACTS study, a multicenter, randomized controlled study designed to test the effectiveness of a revised Living ACTS intervention in 4 transplant centers in the southeastern United States. The intervention consists of a Web site with 5 modules: Introduction, Benefits and Risks, The Kidney Transplant Process, Identifying a Potential Kidney Donor, and ACT Now (which encourages communication with friends and family about transplantation). Results: This study will enroll approximately 800 patients from the 4 transplant centers. The primary outcome is the percentage of patients with at least 1 inquiry from a potential living donor among patients who receive Living ACTS as compared with those who receive a control Web site. Conclusion: The results from this study are expected to demonstrate the effectiveness of an intervention designed to increase access to living donor transplantation among AA individuals. If successful, the Web-based intervention could be disseminated across the >250 transplant centers in the United States to improve equity in living donor kidney transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1285-1295
Number of pages11
JournalKidney International Reports
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2019


  • education
  • intervention
  • kidney transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology


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