A framework for measuring self-management effectiveness and health care use among pediatric asthma patients and families

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Asthma is associated with substantial health care expenditures, including an estimated US56 billion per year in direct costs. A recurring theme in the asthma management literature is that costly asthma symptoms, including hospitalizations and multiple emergency department (ED)/outpatient visits, can often be prevented through patient/family adherence to the national (National Institutes of Health Expert Panel Report-3) guidelines for effective self-management of asthma, specifically 1) medication adherence and 2) environmental trigger avoidance, as outlined in the patient’s personalized Asthma-Action Plan. It is important to note however that while effective self-management of asthma is known to reduce ED visits and hospitalizations, the relationship between asthma self-management effectiveness and outpatient visit frequency remains ambiguous, reflecting a gap in the literature. For instance, do patients/families who self-manage effectively visit outpatient clinics more frequently for asthma care (compared to those who do not self-manage effectively), after accounting for differences in asthma severity, demographic characteristics, and risk factors? Do patients/families who visit outpatient clinics more frequently for asthma care, in turn have fewer ED and inpatient encounters for asthma? On the other hand, do patients/families who do not revisit outpatient clinics regularly have higher ED visits and hospitalizations? It is important to address these gaps, in order to reduce the costs and public health burden of asthma. This paper provides a foundation for addressing these gaps, by conducting an integrative review of the asthma management literature, to develop a conceptual framework for measuring self-management effectiveness and health care use among pediatric asthma patients/families. In doing so, the paper lays the groundwork for future research seeking to explicate the relationship between asthma self-management effectiveness and health care use, which in turn has potential to engage asthma providers in promoting ideal self-management and optimal health care use for pediatric asthma, in accordance with national evidence-based guidelines for asthma management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-122
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Asthma and Allergy
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 12 2017

Fingerprint

Self Care
Asthma
Pediatrics
Delivery of Health Care
Hospital Emergency Service
Ambulatory Care Facilities
Hospitalization
Outpatients
Guidelines
Costs and Cost Analysis
Medication Adherence
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
Patient Compliance
Health Expenditures

Keywords

  • Evidence-based guidelines
  • Health care use
  • Patient-and-family-centered care
  • Pediatric asthma
  • Population health management
  • Self-management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

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title = "A framework for measuring self-management effectiveness and health care use among pediatric asthma patients and families",
abstract = "Asthma is associated with substantial health care expenditures, including an estimated US56 billion per year in direct costs. A recurring theme in the asthma management literature is that costly asthma symptoms, including hospitalizations and multiple emergency department (ED)/outpatient visits, can often be prevented through patient/family adherence to the national (National Institutes of Health Expert Panel Report-3) guidelines for effective self-management of asthma, specifically 1) medication adherence and 2) environmental trigger avoidance, as outlined in the patient’s personalized Asthma-Action Plan. It is important to note however that while effective self-management of asthma is known to reduce ED visits and hospitalizations, the relationship between asthma self-management effectiveness and outpatient visit frequency remains ambiguous, reflecting a gap in the literature. For instance, do patients/families who self-manage effectively visit outpatient clinics more frequently for asthma care (compared to those who do not self-manage effectively), after accounting for differences in asthma severity, demographic characteristics, and risk factors? Do patients/families who visit outpatient clinics more frequently for asthma care, in turn have fewer ED and inpatient encounters for asthma? On the other hand, do patients/families who do not revisit outpatient clinics regularly have higher ED visits and hospitalizations? It is important to address these gaps, in order to reduce the costs and public health burden of asthma. This paper provides a foundation for addressing these gaps, by conducting an integrative review of the asthma management literature, to develop a conceptual framework for measuring self-management effectiveness and health care use among pediatric asthma patients/families. In doing so, the paper lays the groundwork for future research seeking to explicate the relationship between asthma self-management effectiveness and health care use, which in turn has potential to engage asthma providers in promoting ideal self-management and optimal health care use for pediatric asthma, in accordance with national evidence-based guidelines for asthma management.",
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