Metastasis is the leading cause of mortality from kidney cancer, and understanding the underlying mechanism of this event will provide better strategies for its management. Here we investigated the biological, functional, and clinical significance of lncTCL6 and its interacting miR-155 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). We employed a comprehensive approach to investigate the lncTCL6-miR-155-Src/Akt-mediated epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) pathway as a novel regulatory mechanism in ccRCC progression. Expression analyses revealed that lncTCL6 is downregulated in ccRCC compared with normal tissues. Overexpression of lncTCL6 in ccRCC cell lines impaired their oncogenic functions, such as cell proliferation and migration/invasion, and induced cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis; conversely, depletion of lncTCL6 rescued these phenotypic effects. Furthermore, lncTCL6 directly interacted with miR-155. Unlike lncTCL6, miR-155 was overexpressed in ccRCC. Stable knockdown of miR-155 phenocopied the effects of lncTCL6 overexpression. Conversely, reconstitution of miR-155 and suppression of lncTCL6 in noncancerous renal cell HK2 induced tumorigenic characteristics. Patients with higher expression of lncTCL6 and lower expression of miR-155 had better survival probability. When overexpressed, lncTCL6 recruited STAU1 and mediated decay of Src mRNA, followed by a marked downregulation of an integrated network of Src target genes involved in migration, invasion, and EMT. However, the interaction between miR-155 and lncTCL6 attenuated the regulatory role of lncTCL6 on Src-mediated EMT. In conclusion, this study is the first report documenting the lncTCL6-miR155-Src/Akt/EMT network as a novel regulatory mechanism in aggressive ccRCC and a promising therapeutic target to inhibit renal cancer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research