A novel dental sealant containing dimethylaminohexadecyl methacrylate suppresses the cariogenic pathogenicity of streptococcus mutans biofilms

Maria Salem Ibrahim, Ahmed S. Ibrahim, Abdulrahman A. Balhaddad, Michael D. Weir, Nancy J. Lin, Franklin R. Tay, Thomas W. Oates, Hockin H.K. Xu, Mary Anne S. Melo

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Abstract

Cariogenic oral biofilms are strongly linked to dental caries around dental sealants. Quaternary ammonium monomers copolymerized with dental resin systems have been increasingly explored formodulation of biofilmgrowth. Here,we investigated the effect of dimethylaminohexadecyl methacrylate (DMAHDM) on the cariogenic pathogenicity of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) biofilms. DMAHDM at 5 mass% was incorporated into a parental formulation containing 20 mass% nanoparticles of amorphous calcium phosphate (NACP). S. mutans biofilms were grown on the formulations, and biofilm inhibition and virulence properties were assessed. The tolerances to acid stress and hydrogen peroxide stress were also evaluated. Our findings suggest that incorporating 5% DMAHDMinto 20% NACP-containing sealants (1) imparts a detrimental biological effect on S. mutans by reducing colony-forming unit counts, metabolic activity and exopolysaccharide synthesis; and (2) reduces overall acid production and tolerance to oxygen stress, two major virulence factors of this microorganism. These results provide a perspective on the value of integrating bioactive restorative materials with traditional caries management approaches in clinical practice. Contact-killing strategies via dental materials aiming to prevent or at least reduce high numbers of cariogenic bacteria may be a promising approach to decrease caries in patients at high risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3491
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume20
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2 2019

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Keywords

  • Antibacterial agents
  • Biofilm
  • Edental cariesMT
  • Quaternary ammonium compounds
  • Sealant
  • Streptococcus mutans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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