Activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase by lipopolysaccharide in human neutrophils requires nitric oxide-dependent cGMP accumulation

Darren D. Browning, Nancy D. Windes, Richard D. Ye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined the signal transduction pathway(s) leading to phosphorylation of p38 in human neutrophils stimulated with lipopolysaccharide and formyl peptides. Blockade of the nitric oxide (NO) pathway in neutrophils with the NO synthase inhibitor N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester or by treatment with the NO scavenger 2-phenyl- tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide attenuated phosphorylation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase p38 in response to lipopolysaccharide but not fMet-Leu-Phe. Using the NO releasing agents S-nitroso-N- acetylpenicillamine and sodium nitroprusside it was determined that nitric oxide is sufficient to cause as increase in phosphorylation of p38. Increasing cellular cGMP with phosphodiesterase inhibitors, by stimulation of soluble guanylyl cyclase with YC-1 or with exogenous dibutyryl cGMP resulted in mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase 3,6 (MEK3,6) activation and phosphorylation of p38. This phenomenon was specific for MEK3,6, because these agents had no effect on the phosphorylation state of MEK1,2. A role for protein kinase G but not protein kinase A downstream of lipopolysaccharide but not formylmethionylleucylphenylalanine was shown using the specific inhibitors KT5823 and H89, respectively. These data indicate that activation of p38 by fMET-Leu-Phe and lipopolysaccharide involve different mechanisms, and that activation of protein kinase G by NO-dependent stimulation of guanylyl cyclase is necessary and sufficient for phosphorylation of p38 downstream of lipopolysaccharide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)537-542
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume274
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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