Acute and chronic effects of sprint interval exercise on postprandial lipemia in women at-risk for the metabolic syndrome

Eric C. Freese, Nicholas H. Gist, Rachelle M. Acitelli, Whitni J. McConnell, Catherine D. Beck, Dorothy B. Hausman, Jonathan R Murrow, Kirk J. Cureton, Ellen M. Evans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Individuals diagnosed with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) exhibit elevated postprandial lipemia (PPL). The aims of this investigation were to determine 1) if an acute bout of sprint interval training (SIT) attenuates PPL; and 2) if the attenuation of PPL following 6 wk of SIT is magnified compared with a single session of SIT prior to training in women at-risk for MetS (n = 45; 30-65 yr). Women were randomized to SIT (n = 22) or a nonexercise control (n = 23; CON) for 6 wk. Postprandial responses to a high-fat meal challenge (HFMC) were assessed in the CON group before (B-HFMC) and after (Post-HFMC) without prior exercise and in the SIT group at baseline (B-HFMC) without prior exercise, after an acute bout of SIT (four 30-s all-out sprints with 4-min recovery) prior to (Pre-HFMC), and after the 6-wk intervention (Post-HFMC). Responses to the HFMC were assessed by collecting venous blood samples in the fasted state and at 0, 30, 60, 120, and 180 min postprandial. Compared with baseline, an acute bout of SIT before (Pre-HFMC) and after the 6-wk intervention (Post-HFMC) significantly attenuated fasted TG (P < 0.05; 16.6% and 12.3%, respectively) and postprandial area under the curve (13.1% and 9.7%, respectively; tAUC) TG responses. There was no difference in fasted or tAUC TG responses between Pre-HFMC and Post-HFMC. SIT is an effective mode of exercise to reduce fasted and postprandial TG concentrations in women at-risk for MetS. Six weeks of SIT does not magnify the attenuation of PPL in response to a single session of SIT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)872-879
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume118
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

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Hyperlipidemias
Meals
Fats
Exercise
High-Intensity Interval Training
Area Under Curve

Keywords

  • Exercise training
  • Interval exercise
  • Meal challenge
  • Triglycerides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Freese, E. C., Gist, N. H., Acitelli, R. M., McConnell, W. J., Beck, C. D., Hausman, D. B., ... Evans, E. M. (2015). Acute and chronic effects of sprint interval exercise on postprandial lipemia in women at-risk for the metabolic syndrome. Journal of Applied Physiology, 118(7), 872-879. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00380.2014

Acute and chronic effects of sprint interval exercise on postprandial lipemia in women at-risk for the metabolic syndrome. / Freese, Eric C.; Gist, Nicholas H.; Acitelli, Rachelle M.; McConnell, Whitni J.; Beck, Catherine D.; Hausman, Dorothy B.; Murrow, Jonathan R; Cureton, Kirk J.; Evans, Ellen M.

In: Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 118, No. 7, 01.01.2015, p. 872-879.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Freese, EC, Gist, NH, Acitelli, RM, McConnell, WJ, Beck, CD, Hausman, DB, Murrow, JR, Cureton, KJ & Evans, EM 2015, 'Acute and chronic effects of sprint interval exercise on postprandial lipemia in women at-risk for the metabolic syndrome', Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 118, no. 7, pp. 872-879. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00380.2014
Freese, Eric C. ; Gist, Nicholas H. ; Acitelli, Rachelle M. ; McConnell, Whitni J. ; Beck, Catherine D. ; Hausman, Dorothy B. ; Murrow, Jonathan R ; Cureton, Kirk J. ; Evans, Ellen M. / Acute and chronic effects of sprint interval exercise on postprandial lipemia in women at-risk for the metabolic syndrome. In: Journal of Applied Physiology. 2015 ; Vol. 118, No. 7. pp. 872-879.
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abstract = "Individuals diagnosed with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) exhibit elevated postprandial lipemia (PPL). The aims of this investigation were to determine 1) if an acute bout of sprint interval training (SIT) attenuates PPL; and 2) if the attenuation of PPL following 6 wk of SIT is magnified compared with a single session of SIT prior to training in women at-risk for MetS (n = 45; 30-65 yr). Women were randomized to SIT (n = 22) or a nonexercise control (n = 23; CON) for 6 wk. Postprandial responses to a high-fat meal challenge (HFMC) were assessed in the CON group before (B-HFMC) and after (Post-HFMC) without prior exercise and in the SIT group at baseline (B-HFMC) without prior exercise, after an acute bout of SIT (four 30-s all-out sprints with 4-min recovery) prior to (Pre-HFMC), and after the 6-wk intervention (Post-HFMC). Responses to the HFMC were assessed by collecting venous blood samples in the fasted state and at 0, 30, 60, 120, and 180 min postprandial. Compared with baseline, an acute bout of SIT before (Pre-HFMC) and after the 6-wk intervention (Post-HFMC) significantly attenuated fasted TG (P < 0.05; 16.6{\%} and 12.3{\%}, respectively) and postprandial area under the curve (13.1{\%} and 9.7{\%}, respectively; tAUC) TG responses. There was no difference in fasted or tAUC TG responses between Pre-HFMC and Post-HFMC. SIT is an effective mode of exercise to reduce fasted and postprandial TG concentrations in women at-risk for MetS. Six weeks of SIT does not magnify the attenuation of PPL in response to a single session of SIT.",
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