We reported a case of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) in a 12-year-old girl shortly after developing fever and vomiting, and ultimately found to have Campylobacter jejuni by antigen detection and conventional stool culture. Campylobacter jejuni has been associated with peripheral demyelinating diseases including Guillain-Barre's syndrome, but it has not been previously implicated in central demyelination in children. The clinical description and review of the literature are included here.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology