An African American teenage boy during an acute sickle cell crisis spontaneously developed acute bifrontal epidural haematomas (EDHs) in addition to disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). The successfully evacuated EDH reaccumulated postoperatively. After multiple transfusions, the patient underwent repeat surgery. Subsequent maximal medical therapy was unable to significantly improve the patient's neurological status, and due to family wishes, care was withdrawn. EDH are the most common emergent neurosurgical complication of sickle cell disease (SCD). Twenty-two such cases have been previously reported. We present one further complicated by DIC leading to reaccumulation of the patient's EDH. An understanding of the mechanisms of EDH formation in SCD and their associated radiological findings could help clinicians identify when a patient is at high risk of EDH formation and thus offer the potential for early intervention prior to the development of an emergency.
- sickle cell disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas