Aldose reductase inhibition prevents galactose-induced ovarian dysfunction in the Sprague-Dawley rat

William R. Meyer, Michael B. Doyle, Jamie A. Grifo, Kenneth J. Lipetz, Peter J. Oates, Alan H. DeCherney, Michael P. Diamond

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41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Our objective was to determine whether impaired ovarian function induced by short-term creation of a galactosemic state in the rat might be prevented by the coadministration of an aldose reductase inhibitor. STUDY DESIGN: Prepubertal Sprague-Dawley rats were fed four different diets including (1) control, (2) 40% galactose, (3) 40% galactose and an aldose reductase inhibitor, and (4) an aldose reductase inhibitor with the control diet. Percentage germinal vesicle breakdown, postovulatory oocyte quantities, hormonal parameters, ovarian histologic evaluation, and ovarian galactitol concentrations were determined. RESULTS: The galactose-fed animals (group 2) had decreased germinal vesicle breakdown (47%) versus control (69%, p < 0.05). Galactose-exposed animals had significantly decreased quantities of postovulatory eggs (6.4 per animal) after menotropin ovarian stimulation in comparison with controls (14.1, p < 0.01). In rats exposed to high dietary levels of galactose (group 2) ovarian galactitol concentrations were significantly higher (protein 42.12 μmol/gm versus 0.0 for controls, p < 0.005). When galactose-fed animals received the aldose reductase inhibitor, ovarian accumulation of galactitol was significantly reduced and the observed detrimental effects on the oocyte were prevented. CONCLUSION: Galactitol accumulation or metabolic flux through aldose reductase in galactosemic rodents may be involved in the demonstrated ovarian dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1837-1843
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volume167
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Galactitol
  • Sprague-Dawley rats
  • aldose reductase inhibitor
  • sorbinil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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