The interferon response genes 1 and 2 have been shown to be involved in the regulation of differentiation and proliferation of cells of the myeloid series, with the former functioning as an anti-oncogene and the latter as an oncogene. In the study described here, the levels of expression of these two genes and the ratio of their expression were compared in AML and normal marrow. The ratio of gene expression was significantly less in AML marrow cells as compared to normal marrow cells [med ratio = 1.33 vs. 2.97, P = 0.003]. While the expression ratio was unaffected by the presence or absence of either ras or fms mutations, p53 mutations were associated with higher IRF1:IRF2 expression ratios that wt p53 genes [med = 1.701 vs. 1.135, P = 0.014]. Given the functional characteristics and the competitive nature of these two genes, it is possible that leukemic transformation is associated with a fall in IRF1:IRF2 ratios. Finally, the administration of IL4 can result in the normalization of the IRF1:IRF2 ratio in the marrow cells of some patients with AML.
- Acute leukemia
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