Alternative approaches to the thyroid gland

William S. Duke, David J Terris

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Advances in surgical technology and patient-driven demands have fueled exploration into methods to improve cosmetic outcomes in thyroid surgery. This exploration has produced 2 fundamentally different pathways for reducing the visible thyroidectomy scar. Minimally invasive anterior cervical approaches use small incisions hidden in natural skin creases and reduce the overall extent of dissection required to remove the thyroid. Remote access approaches remove the incision from the anterior neck completely but require more extensive dissection to access the thyroid compartment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)459-474
Number of pages16
JournalEndocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014


  • Endoscopic
  • Minimally invasive
  • Robotic
  • Thyroid surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


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