Alveolar bone height and postcranial bone mineral density: Negative effects of cigarette smoking and parity

Charles F. Hildebolt, Thomas K. Pilgram, Naoko Yokoyama-Crothers, Michael W. Vannier, Mary Dotson, Jane Muckerman, Jay Hauser, Sheldon Cohen, E. Eugenia Kardaris, Philip Jerry Hanes, Michael K. Shrout, Roberto Civitelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Our objective was to test the association between cemento-enamel junction, alveolar-crest distance (CEJ-AC, as measured on digitized vertical bite-wing radiographs) and postcranial bone mineral density (BMD) relative to clinical, dietary, and demographic variables. Methods: Data were collected in a cross-sectional study of 134 postmenopausal women. CEJ-AC distances were determined from digitized vertical bite-wing radiographs. Lumbar spine and proximal femur BMDs were determined from dual-energy x-ray absorptiometric scans. Correlation analysis and Student t tests were used to identify those variables most associated with CEJ-AC distance. The selected variables were modeled with a backward stepwise regression analysis, with CEJ-AC distance as the dependent variable. Results: Parity (number of pregnancies to term), cigarette smoking, and the interaction of lateral spine BMD with cigarette smoking were independent predictors of CEJ-AC distance (P ≤0.05). Statistical models containing these variables accounted for 19% of the variation in CEJ-AC distances. Conclusions: CEJ-AC distance in postmenopausal women is the result of a complicated interaction of many effects, including but not limited to, parity, cigarette smoking, and skeletal BMD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)683-689
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Periodontology
Volume71
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

Fingerprint

Tooth Cervix
Parity
Bone Density
Smoking
Bone and Bones
Bites and Stings
Spine
Statistical Models
Dental Enamel
Femur
Cross-Sectional Studies
Regression Analysis
X-Rays
Demography
Students
Pregnancy

Keywords

  • Alveolar bone
  • Bone density
  • Osteoporosis, postmenopausal
  • Pregnancy (parity)
  • Risk factors
  • Smoking/adverse effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

Cite this

Hildebolt, C. F., Pilgram, T. K., Yokoyama-Crothers, N., Vannier, M. W., Dotson, M., Muckerman, J., ... Civitelli, R. (2000). Alveolar bone height and postcranial bone mineral density: Negative effects of cigarette smoking and parity. Journal of Periodontology, 71(5), 683-689. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2000.71.5.683

Alveolar bone height and postcranial bone mineral density : Negative effects of cigarette smoking and parity. / Hildebolt, Charles F.; Pilgram, Thomas K.; Yokoyama-Crothers, Naoko; Vannier, Michael W.; Dotson, Mary; Muckerman, Jane; Hauser, Jay; Cohen, Sheldon; Kardaris, E. Eugenia; Hanes, Philip Jerry; Shrout, Michael K.; Civitelli, Roberto.

In: Journal of Periodontology, Vol. 71, No. 5, 01.01.2000, p. 683-689.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hildebolt, CF, Pilgram, TK, Yokoyama-Crothers, N, Vannier, MW, Dotson, M, Muckerman, J, Hauser, J, Cohen, S, Kardaris, EE, Hanes, PJ, Shrout, MK & Civitelli, R 2000, 'Alveolar bone height and postcranial bone mineral density: Negative effects of cigarette smoking and parity', Journal of Periodontology, vol. 71, no. 5, pp. 683-689. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2000.71.5.683
Hildebolt CF, Pilgram TK, Yokoyama-Crothers N, Vannier MW, Dotson M, Muckerman J et al. Alveolar bone height and postcranial bone mineral density: Negative effects of cigarette smoking and parity. Journal of Periodontology. 2000 Jan 1;71(5):683-689. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2000.71.5.683
Hildebolt, Charles F. ; Pilgram, Thomas K. ; Yokoyama-Crothers, Naoko ; Vannier, Michael W. ; Dotson, Mary ; Muckerman, Jane ; Hauser, Jay ; Cohen, Sheldon ; Kardaris, E. Eugenia ; Hanes, Philip Jerry ; Shrout, Michael K. ; Civitelli, Roberto. / Alveolar bone height and postcranial bone mineral density : Negative effects of cigarette smoking and parity. In: Journal of Periodontology. 2000 ; Vol. 71, No. 5. pp. 683-689.
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abstract = "Background: Our objective was to test the association between cemento-enamel junction, alveolar-crest distance (CEJ-AC, as measured on digitized vertical bite-wing radiographs) and postcranial bone mineral density (BMD) relative to clinical, dietary, and demographic variables. Methods: Data were collected in a cross-sectional study of 134 postmenopausal women. CEJ-AC distances were determined from digitized vertical bite-wing radiographs. Lumbar spine and proximal femur BMDs were determined from dual-energy x-ray absorptiometric scans. Correlation analysis and Student t tests were used to identify those variables most associated with CEJ-AC distance. The selected variables were modeled with a backward stepwise regression analysis, with CEJ-AC distance as the dependent variable. Results: Parity (number of pregnancies to term), cigarette smoking, and the interaction of lateral spine BMD with cigarette smoking were independent predictors of CEJ-AC distance (P ≤0.05). Statistical models containing these variables accounted for 19{\%} of the variation in CEJ-AC distances. Conclusions: CEJ-AC distance in postmenopausal women is the result of a complicated interaction of many effects, including but not limited to, parity, cigarette smoking, and skeletal BMD.",
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