American rural women's exercise self-efficacy and awareness of exercise benefits and safety during pregnancy

Bridget Melton, Elaine Marshall, Helen Bland, Michael Schmidt, Willie Kent Guion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Though the positive link between physical activity and maternal health is well documented, physical activity declines during pregnancy and, internationally, rural mothers are less likely than urban mothers to engage in physical activity. Some evidence suggests that self-efficacy is related to sustained engagement in physical activity. The purpose of this study was to examine self-efficacy, perceived benefits, and knowledge of safe exercise among 88 rural pregnant women in a southeastern region of the United States. Exercise self-efficacy was significantly related to maternal age and gestation. Women over age 26 years, and those in the second and third trimesters, scored significantly higher than younger women or those in the first trimester. Fifty-two percent (n=46) of participants perceived that activity would decrease energy levels, 37.5% (n=33) did not know that exercise can decrease the risk of gestational diabetes, and 47.6% (n=41) were unaware that a mother who is overweight is more likely to have an overweight child. Results confirm a need for education to improve women's knowledge about health benefits and safety information related to physical activity during pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)468-473
Number of pages6
JournalNursing and Health Sciences
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013

Fingerprint

Self Efficacy
Exercise
Safety
Pregnancy
Mothers
Southeastern United States
Gestational Diabetes
Maternal Age
Third Pregnancy Trimester
Second Pregnancy Trimester
Insurance Benefits
First Pregnancy Trimester
Pregnant Women
Education

Keywords

  • Exercise
  • Physical activity
  • Pregnancy
  • Rural women
  • Self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

American rural women's exercise self-efficacy and awareness of exercise benefits and safety during pregnancy. / Melton, Bridget; Marshall, Elaine; Bland, Helen; Schmidt, Michael; Guion, Willie Kent.

In: Nursing and Health Sciences, Vol. 15, No. 4, 01.12.2013, p. 468-473.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Melton, Bridget ; Marshall, Elaine ; Bland, Helen ; Schmidt, Michael ; Guion, Willie Kent. / American rural women's exercise self-efficacy and awareness of exercise benefits and safety during pregnancy. In: Nursing and Health Sciences. 2013 ; Vol. 15, No. 4. pp. 468-473.
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