An optical technique for determination of rheological properties of gelatin

Jiwoon Kwon, Ghatu Subhash, Renwei Mei, Ian M. Heger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The rheological behavior of ballistic gelatin is studied experimentally by a newly developed optical technique for visualization of gelatin flow between two parallel plates at high shear rates in the range of 2000s-8000s. The unsteady motion of this fluid is captured by the displacement profiles of grid lines marked on the gelatin specimen. By utilizing a power-law model for fluid behavior and then solving the unsteady momentum equation of the non-Newtonian fluid, the power-law model parameters have been determined for early part of the shear flow where linearity assumption in velocity profile is valid. The exponent in the power-law model was found to be 2.25 ± 0.43. The diffusion profiles from optical images also compare well with numerical predictions based on extracted rheological properties of gelatin. Finally, it was noted that the model results compare well with those obtained from other experimental methods on the same gelatin material and also with other fluids using similar experimental methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)951-964
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Rheology
Volume55
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

gelatins
Gelatin
Fluids
fluids
Shear flow
Ballistics
Shear deformation
Momentum
profiles
parallel plates
Visualization
shear flow
ballistics
linearity
velocity distribution
grids
exponents
shear
momentum
predictions

Keywords

  • Gelatin
  • Power-law
  • Rheology
  • Self similar variables
  • Shear thickening fluid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

An optical technique for determination of rheological properties of gelatin. / Kwon, Jiwoon; Subhash, Ghatu; Mei, Renwei; Heger, Ian M.

In: Journal of Rheology, Vol. 55, No. 5, 01.09.2011, p. 951-964.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kwon, Jiwoon ; Subhash, Ghatu ; Mei, Renwei ; Heger, Ian M. / An optical technique for determination of rheological properties of gelatin. In: Journal of Rheology. 2011 ; Vol. 55, No. 5. pp. 951-964.
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