An overview of HIV infection and AIDS: etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, epidemiology, and occupational exposure.

J. A. Hidalgo, Rodger David MacArthur, L. R. Crane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thanks to a worldwide collaborative effort among health care providers, academia, governments, and industry, our knowledge base about infection caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has expanded exponentially. During the past 2 decades, we have learned about its pathogenesis, virology, immunology, epidemiology and treatment. In the developed world, the approach to persons with HIV disease has evolved from palliative disease care to use of a chronic disease model, where survival is measured by decades, not months or years. More and more, clinical decision-making for HIV-infected patients is driven by comorbidities, including cardiothoracic disease. Thus, our clinically stable HIV population is increasingly accessing those health care services required by any maturing population, including the usual services of cardiothoracic surgeons. In this article, we review the basic facts of HIV disease, with an emphasis on occupational risks and infection control procedures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)130-139
Number of pages10
JournalSeminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Virus Diseases
Occupational Exposure
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Epidemiology
HIV
Virology
Knowledge Bases
Infection Control
Allergy and Immunology
Palliative Care
Health Personnel
Population
Health Services
Comorbidity
Industry
Chronic Disease
Delivery of Health Care
Survival
Infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

An overview of HIV infection and AIDS : etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, epidemiology, and occupational exposure. / Hidalgo, J. A.; MacArthur, Rodger David; Crane, L. R.

In: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Vol. 12, No. 2, 01.01.2000, p. 130-139.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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