Surfactant apoproteins were prepared from detergent-solubilized rat surfactant by immunoaffinity chromatography. SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the apoproteins, without prior chemical reduction, revealed several bands of molecular weights 50 000-78 000, 140 000 and 160 000. Following treatment with dithiothreitol, the apoproteins were resolved into three bands of molecular weights 38 000, 32 000 and 26 000. Further analysis of the apoproteins by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed that each of the proteins of molecular weights 38 000, 32 000 and 26 000 were crosslinked by disulfide bridges and formed homopolymers. Based on periodic acid-Schiff staining, the 38 000 dalton protein appeared to be the richest in carbohydrates, followed by the 32 000 and 26 000 dalton proteins. Partial proteolysis of the 38 000 and 32 000 dalton proteins showed similarity in the sizes of peptides generated. Surfactant-associated proteins from human and monkey lungs were also analyzed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. A non-serum glycoprotein of molecular weight 38 000 was found. In different systems of polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, this protein showed an electrophoretic mobility similar to that of the 38 000 dalton protein of rat surfactant. However, it formed polymers of molecular weight higher than those of polymers found in rat surfactant.
- Pulmonary surfactant
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