Anomalous left coronary artery (ALCA) from the pulmonary trunk presents in early infancy with a clinical picture of failure to thrive, congestive heart failure (CHF), anginalike episodes, and mitral insufficiency. These manifestations which are due to myocardial ischemia may change in the presence of an associated lesion. We present a case and review two previous reports of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) associated with this anomaly. Although signs and symptoms are not as clear due to the less impaired coronary perfusion and the presence of a PDA, the presence of mitral insufficiency should raise the possibility of an anomalous coronary artery and, therefore, a cardiac catheterization and angiocardiography are recommended in anticipation of reparative surgery.
- Congenital coronary artery anomalies
- Mitral insufficiency in infancy
- Persistent ductus arteriosus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine