Antiproliferative Activity of Crocin Involves Targeting of Microtubules in Breast Cancer Cells

Rupali R. Hire, Shalini Srivastava, Melissa B. Davis, Ananda Kumar Konreddy, Dulal Panda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


Crocin, a component of saffron spice, is known to have an anticancer activity. However, the targets of crocin are not known. In this study, crocin was found to inhibit the proliferation of HCC70, HCC1806, HeLa and CCD1059sk cells by targeting microtubules. Crocin depolymerized both the interphase and mitotic microtubules of different cancer cells, inhibited mitosis and induced multipolar spindle formation in these cells. In vitro, crocin inhibited the assembly of pure tubulin as well as the assembly of microtubule-associated protein rich tubulin. Electron microscopic analysis showed that crocin inhibited microtubule assembly while it induced aggregation of tubulin at higher concentrations. Crocin co-eluted with tubulin suggesting that it binds to tubulin. Vinblastine inhibited the binding of crocin to tubulin while podophyllotoxin did not inhibit the crocin binding indicating that crocin binds at the vinblastine site on tubulin. The results suggested that crocin inhibited cell proliferation mainly by disrupting the microtubule network.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number44984
JournalScientific reports
StatePublished - Mar 24 2017
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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