Bafetinib (NS-187, INNO-406) is a second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor in development by CytRx under license from Nippon Shinyaku for treating Bcr-Abl+ leukemia's, including chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and Philadelphia+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia. It is a rationally developed tyrosine kinase inhibitor based on the chemical structure of imatinib, with modifications added to improve binding and potency against Bcr-Abl kinase. Besides Abl, bafetinib targets the Src family kinase Lyn, which has been associated with resistance to imatinib in CML. In preclinical studies, bafetinib was 25-to 55-fold more potent than imatinib in vitro and 10-fold more potent in vivo. Bafetinib inhibits 12 of the 13 most frequent imatinib-resistant Bcr-Abl point mutations, but not a Thr315Ile mutation. A small fraction of bafetinib crosses the blood-brain barrier, reaching brain concentrations adequate for suppression of Bcr-Abl+ cells. Data from a phase I clinical trial conducted in patients with imatinib-resistant or-intolerant CML have confirmed that bafetinib has clinical activity in this setting, inducing a major cytogenetic response in 19% of those patients in chronic phase. Currently, bafetinib is being developed in two phase II clinical trials for patients with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia and prostate cancer, and a trial is in progress for patients with brain tumors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Current Opinion in Investigational Drugs|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2010|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Drug Discovery