Balance and mobility training with or without concurrent cognitive training improves the timed up and go (TUG), TUG cognitive, and TUG manual in healthy older adults: an exploratory study

Deborah A. Jehu, Nicole Paquet, Yves Lajoie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and aims: The purpose was to explore the impact of balance and mobility training (BMT), balance and mobility plus cognitive training (BMT + C) and no training on the timed up and go (TUG), TUG cognitive (TUGcog), and TUG manual (TUGman) in older adults. A preliminary experiment examined the stability of these TUG measures over a 5-week period in older adults. Methods: Fifteen participants in the BMT group (70.2 ± 3.2 years) and 14 participants in the BMT + C group (68.7 ± 5.5 years) trained one-on-one, 3×/week for 12 weeks on a balance obstacle course. The BMT group and the BMT + C group completed two or three tasks simultaneously, respectively. Fifteen participants in the control group received no training (66.7 ± 4.2 years). The TUG, TUGcog, and TUGman were measured in seconds at baseline, after the 12-week training, and after the 12-week follow-up. During the preliminary experiment, ten participants (67.0 ± 6.9 years) completed the three TUG measures 1/week for 5 weeks. Results: Both the BMT and BMT + C groups, but not the control group, exhibited significantly faster TUG, TUGcog, and TUGman after the intervention and maintained these improvements at the 12-week follow-up. No differences between the BMT and BMT + C groups emerged. The preliminary experiment showed that the three TUG measures were stable across five testing sessions. Discussion and conclusion: Both training groups improved functional mobility after the interventions and sustained these improvements over 12 weeks. This is likely not a function of repeating the TUG, TUGcog, and TUGman tests since no repeated exposure effect was shown.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)711-720
Number of pages10
JournalAging Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Balance training
  • Cognitive training
  • Dual-tasking
  • Mobility
  • Timed up and go

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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