Belching, bloating, and flatulence: How to help patients who have troublesome abdominal gas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gaseous belching, bloating, and flatulence are common complaints. These symptoms may herald the onset of important and treatable gastrointestinal diseases or may represent functional bowel disorders. The clinical challenge is to identify a cause so as to exclude serious gastrointestinal diseases and provide symptomatic relief. Detailed history taking and examination provide the basis for appropriate testing that may provide vital clues. Among otherwise healthy patients, intolerance to lactose or other food items is a common source of symptoms. This cause can be evaluated noninvasively using the breath hydrogen test. A clear understanding of the underlying pathophysiology paves the way for a rational approach to treatment, such as withdrawal of an offending food item, enzyme supplementation, simple reassurance, or psychotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPostgraduate Medicine
Volume101
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Eructation
Flatulence
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Gases
Lactose Intolerance
Food
Breath Tests
Psychotherapy
Hydrogen
Enzymes
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Belching, bloating, and flatulence : How to help patients who have troublesome abdominal gas. / Rao, Satish Sanku Chander.

In: Postgraduate Medicine, Vol. 101, No. 4, 01.01.1997.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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