α2-Adrenoceptors were characterized on neural and vascular membranes from 2-kidney-l-clip renal hypertensive (RHT) and normotensive (NT) rats. Rats were sacrificed 6 weeks after induction of renal ischemia, and the specific binding of 3H-clonidine to smooth muscle membranes from tail arteries and neural membranes from various brain regions was examined. Additionally, isometric contractions of helically cut tail artery strips produced by various ct-adrenoceptor agonists were measured. Scatchard analysis indicated an increased number of high-affinity binding sites on the smooth muscle membranes from RHT rats (Bmax = 43.5 ± 1.4 fmol/mg protein) compared to that from the NT rats (25.4 ± 3.8 fmol/mg protein). An increased contractile sensitivity to clonidine was also observed in tail artery strips from RHT rats (EC50 for RHT = 3.04 X KH M; NT = 1.52 X 10-7M). In neural tissue, the number of a^-adrenoceptor-binding sites was significantly increased in the locus coeruleus from RHT rats, but not in the amygdala, hypothalamus, parietal cortex, hippocampus or lower brain stem. These results demonstrate that renal ischemia produces changes in both peripheral and neural (^-adrenoceptor density. The increase in smooth muscle ai-adrenoceptors might also provide a partial explanation for the supersensitivity to adrenergic agonists in this model of hypertension.
- α2-Adrenoceptors Hypertension Vascular smooth muscle Brain regions
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