Clinical outcome analysis of male and female genital burn injuries: A 15-year experience at a Level-1 Burn Center

Nicole J. Abel, Zachary W A Klaassen, E. Hani Mansour, Michael A. Marano, Sylvia J. Petrone, Abraham P. Houng, Ronald S. Chamberlain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The American Burn Association classifies a burn to the genitalia as a major injury. Isolated burns to the penis, scrotum or vulva are rare as a result of protection provided by the thighs and abdomen. Thus, burned genitalia represent an ominous sign of a more extensive total body surface area burn. Methods: A retrospective analysis of consecutive patients admitted to a Level-1 Burn Unit with a burn involving the genitalia from January 1995 to December 2009 comprised the study population. Results: A total of 393 patients of 5878 patients (6.7%) admitted to the Burn Unit suffered a burn involving the genitalia, including 253 males (64.4%) and 140 females (35.6%). The median total body surface area was 12% (range 1-100%), the most common cause of genital burn was scald (n=246, 62.9%) and median length of stay was 9days (range 1-472days). A total of 269 patients (68.4%) were discharged to home from the hospital, and in-hospital mortality was 20.9%. Conclusions: The typical profile for those sustaining a genital burn include younger patients (≤30years-of-age), sustaining a median total body surface area burn of 12% from a scald injury, with extensive genitalia involvement. Length of stay for genital burns is usually extended and, as a result of concomitant injuries, is associated with a 20% in-hospital death rate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)351-358
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Urology
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2012

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Burn Units
Genitalia
Body Surface Area
Wounds and Injuries
Burns
Length of Stay
Scrotum
Vulva
Penis
Hospital Mortality
Thigh
Abdomen
Mortality
Population

Keywords

  • Female
  • Genital burns
  • Male
  • Management
  • Outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Cite this

Clinical outcome analysis of male and female genital burn injuries : A 15-year experience at a Level-1 Burn Center. / Abel, Nicole J.; Klaassen, Zachary W A; Mansour, E. Hani; Marano, Michael A.; Petrone, Sylvia J.; Houng, Abraham P.; Chamberlain, Ronald S.

In: International Journal of Urology, Vol. 19, No. 4, 01.04.2012, p. 351-358.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abel, Nicole J. ; Klaassen, Zachary W A ; Mansour, E. Hani ; Marano, Michael A. ; Petrone, Sylvia J. ; Houng, Abraham P. ; Chamberlain, Ronald S. / Clinical outcome analysis of male and female genital burn injuries : A 15-year experience at a Level-1 Burn Center. In: International Journal of Urology. 2012 ; Vol. 19, No. 4. pp. 351-358.
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