Clinical Validation and Diagnostic Utility of Optical Genome Mapping for Enhanced Cytogenomic Analysis of Hematological Neoplasms

Nikhil S. Sahajpal, Ashis K. Mondal, Tatiana Tvrdik, Jennifer Hauenstein, Huidong Shi, Kristin K. Deeb, Debra Saxe, Alex R. Hastie, Alka Chaubey, Natasha M. Savage, Vamsi Kota, Ravindra Kolhe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The current standard-of-care cytogenetic techniques for the analysis of hematological malignancies include karyotyping, fluorescence in situ hybridization, and chromosomal microarray, which are labor intensive and time and cost prohibitive, and they often do not reveal the genetic complexity of the tumor, demonstrating the need for alternative technology for better characterization of these tumors. Herein, we report the results from our clinical validation study and demonstrate the utility of optical genome mapping (OGM), evaluated using 92 sample runs (including replicates) that included 69 well-characterized unique samples (59 hematological neoplasms and 10 controls). The technical performance (quality control metrics) resulted in 100% first-pass rate, with analytical performance (concordance) showing a sensitivity of 98.7%, a specificity of 100%, and an accuracy of 99.2%. OGM demonstrated robust technical, analytical performance, and interrun, intrarun, and interinstrument reproducibility. The limit of detection was determined to be at 5% allele fraction for aneuploidy, translocation, interstitial deletion, and duplication. OGM identified several additional structural variations, revealing the genomic architecture in these neoplasms that provides an opportunity for better tumor classification, prognostication, risk stratification, and therapy selection. Overall, OGM has outperformed the standard-of-care tests in this study and demonstrated its potential as a first-tier cytogenomic test for hematologic malignancies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1279-1291
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Molecular Diagnostics
Volume24
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Medicine

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