Coagulation markers and functional outcome in acute ischemic stroke: Impact of intensive versus standard hyperglycemia control

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Abstract

Objective: Alterations in coagulation could mediate functional outcome in patients with hyperglycemia after acute ischemic stroke (AIS). We prospectively studied the effects of intensive versus standard glucose control on coagulation markers and their relationships to functional outcomes in patients with AIS. Approach: The Insights on Selected Procoagulation Markers and Outcomes in Stroke Trial measured the coagulation biomarkers whole blood tissue factor procoagulant activity (TFPCA); plasma factors VII (FVII), VIIa (FVIIa), and VIII (FVIII); thrombin-antithrombin (TAT) complex; D-dimer; tissue factor pathway inhibitor, and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) antigen in patients enrolled in the Stroke Hyperglycemia Insulin Network Effort trial of intensive versus standard glucose control on functional outcome at 3 months after AIS. Changes in biomarkers over time (from baseline ≈12 hours after stroke onset) to 48 hours, and changes in biomarkers between treatment groups, functional outcomes, and their interaction were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance. Results: A total of 125 patients were included (57 in the intensive treatment group and 68 in the standard treatment group). The overall mean age was 66 years; 42% were women. Changes from baseline to 48 hours in coagulation markers were significantly different between treatment groups for TFPCA (P = 0.02) and PAI-1 (P =.04) and FVIIa (P =.04). Increases in FVIIa and decreases in FVIII were associated with favorable functional outcomes (P =.04 and.04, respectively). In the intensive treatment group, reductions in TFPCA and FVIII and increases in FVIIa were greater in patients with favorable than unfavorable outcomes (P =.02, 0.002, 0.03, respectively). In the standard treatment group, changes in FVII were different by functional outcome (P =.006). Conclusions: Intensive glucose control induced greater alterations in coagulation biomarkers than standard treatment, and these were associated with a favorable functional outcome at 3 months after AIS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere12563
JournalResearch and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume5
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • acute ischemic stroke
  • coagulation markers
  • diabetes mellitus
  • functional outcome
  • hyperglycemia control
  • tissue factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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