Comparison of skin testing and three in vitro assays for specific IgE in the clinical evaluation of immediate hypersensitivity

P. B. Williams, W. K. Dolen, J. W. Koepke, J. C. Selner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

90 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new assay, Pharmacia CAP System (PCS), for allergen-specific IgE (sIgE) was evaluated in 198 new patients presenting with respiratory symptoms to an urban allergy practice. An experienced allergist examined each patient and clinically assessed sensitivity to timothy, short ragweed, Alternaria tenuis, cat, or D. farinae. Puncture and selected intracutaneous skin tests (ST) with these inhalant extracts were then performed. The physician again rated the likelihood of clinical sensitivity to each inhalant, and serum was obtained for sIgE measurements by Phadebas RAST, modified RAST, and PCS. Results of the three in vitro tests (IVT) correlated well with each other and generally agreed with physician assessments and ST results. Individual differences for extracts and assay methods were identified. A few patients with negative ST had positive IVT, but more patients with positive ST were negative by IVT. Modified RAST had greater sensitivity but less specificity than the other two IVT. Analysis of receiver operating characteristic curves showed that sensitivity of the three assays when compared at the 95% level of specificity, did not differ. This result suggests that the cutoff criterion for a positive modified RAST result is too low and should be reevaluated. Skin tests remain the most sensitive and specific test available. The Pharmacia CAP System is a clinically useful assay for sIgE and appears to be a clear advancement for IVT technology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-45
Number of pages11
JournalAnnals of Allergy
Volume68
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

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Immediate Hypersensitivity
Skin Tests
Immunoglobulin E
Skin
Physicians
Ambrosia
Alternaria
Punctures
Individuality
ROC Curve
Allergens
Hypersensitivity
Cats
In Vitro Techniques
Technology
Sensitivity and Specificity
Serum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy

Cite this

Comparison of skin testing and three in vitro assays for specific IgE in the clinical evaluation of immediate hypersensitivity. / Williams, P. B.; Dolen, W. K.; Koepke, J. W.; Selner, J. C.

In: Annals of Allergy, Vol. 68, No. 1, 01.01.1992, p. 35-45.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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