Concomitant partial exon skipping by a unique missense mutation of RPS6KA3 causes Coffin-Lowry syndrome

Jonathan D.J. Labonne, Min Ji Chung, Julie R. Jones, Priya Anand, Wolfgang Wenzel, Daniela Iacoboni, Lawrence C. Layman, Hyung Goo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Coffin-Lowry syndrome (CLS) is an X-linked semi-dominant disorder characterized by diverse phenotypes including intellectual disability, facial and digital anomalies. Loss-of-function mutations in the Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinase Polypeptide 3 (RPS6KA3) gene have been shown to be responsible for CLS. Among the large number of mutations, however, no exonic mutation causing exon skipping has been described. Here, we report a male patient with CLS having a novel mutation at the 3' end of an exon at a splice donor junction. Interestingly, this nucleotide change causes both a novel missense mutation and partial exon skipping leading to a truncated transcript. These two transcripts were identified by cDNA sequencing of RT-PCR products. In the carrier mother, we found only wildtype transcripts suggesting skewed X-inactivation. Methylation studies confirmed X-inactivation was skewed moderately, but not completely, which is consistent with her mild phenotype. Western blot showed that the mutant RSK2 protein in the patient is expressed at similar levels relative to his mother. Protein modeling demonstrated that the missense mutation is damaging and may alter binding to ATP molecules. This is the first report of exon skipping from an exonic mutation of RPS6KA3, demonstrating that a missense mutation and concomitant disruption of normal splicing contribute to the manifestation of CLS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-47
Number of pages6
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016


  • Coffin-Lowry syndrome
  • Kinase domain
  • Protein modeling
  • RSK2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics


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