Constitutive Activation of NF-κB and Secretion of Interleukin-8 Induced by the G Protein-coupled Receptor of Kaposi's Sarcoma-associated Herpesvirus Involve Gα13 and RhoA

Larry W. Shepard, Ming Yang, Ping Xie, Darren D Browning, Tatyana Voyno-Yasenetskaya, Tohru Kozasa, Richard D. Ye

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The Kaposi's sarcoma herpesvirus (KSHV) open reading frame 74 encodes a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) for chemokines. Exogenous expression of this constitutively active GPCR leads to cell transformation and vascular overgrowth characteristic of Kaposi's sarcoma. We show here that expression of KSHV-GPCR in transfected cells results in constitutive transactivation of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) and secretion of interleukin-8, and this response involves activation of Gα13 and RhoA. The induced expression of a NF-κB luciferase reporter was partially reduced by pertussis toxin and the Gβγ scavenger transducin, and enhanced by co-expression of Gα13 and to a lesser extent, Gαq. These results indicate coupling of KSHV-GPCR to multiple G proteins for NF-κB activation. Expression of KSHV-GPCR led to stress fiber formation in NIH 3T3 cells. To examine the involvement of the Gα13-RhoA pathway in KSHV-GPCR-mediated NF-κB activation, HeLa cells were transfected with KSHV-GPCR alone and in combination with the regulator of G protein signaling (RGS) from p115RhoGEF or a dominant negative RhoA(T19N). Both constructs, as well as the C3 exoenzyme from Clostritium botulinum, partially reduced NF-κB activation by KSHV-GPCR, and by a constitutively active Gα13(Q226L). KSHV-GPCR-induced NF-κB activation is accompanied by increased secretion of IL-8, a function mimicked by the activated Gα13 but not by an activated Gα q(Q209L). These results suggest coupling of KSHV-GPCR to the Gα13-RhoA pathway in addition to other G proteins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45979-45987
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number49
Publication statusPublished - Dec 7 2001
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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