Construct Validity of the Three-Factor Model of the Interpersonal Measure of Psychopathy

Sarah L. Hampton, Michael J Vitacco, David S. Kosson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Research suggests that ratings of interpersonal behaviors during semi-structured interviews provide valid ratings of the interpersonal component of psychopathy. Prior research suggests that Interpersonal Measure of Psychopathy (IM-P) ratings are underlain by three correlated dimensions: Dominance, Grandiosity, and Boundary Violations. We examined the construct validity of the factors in a sample of 1,243 male jail inmates. Regressions indicated distinct relationships between the three IM-P factor scores and clinically relevant external correlates, after controlling for Psychopathy Checklist–Revised (PCL-R) Factor Two (F2) scores. Dominance was uniquely associated with cocaine and alcohol dependence. Grandiosity demonstrated a pattern of unique positive relationships with intelligence and achievement and negative relationships with negative emotionality suggestive of the nomological network identified for boldness. Boundary Violations was the only factor uniquely associated with three distinct measures of criminal conduct. This pattern of results suggests that each IM-P factor may reflect a distinct facet of the interpersonal component of psychopathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1613-1633
Number of pages21
JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
Volume45
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018

Fingerprint

construct validity
rating
Cocaine-Related Disorders
Intelligence
Research
Alcoholism
emotionality
Interviews
intelligence
alcohol
regression
interview
Criminal Behavior

Keywords

  • Interpersonal Measure of Psychopathy
  • assessment
  • construct validity
  • interpersonal traits
  • psychopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychology(all)
  • Law

Cite this

Construct Validity of the Three-Factor Model of the Interpersonal Measure of Psychopathy. / Hampton, Sarah L.; Vitacco, Michael J; Kosson, David S.

In: Criminal Justice and Behavior, Vol. 45, No. 11, 01.11.2018, p. 1613-1633.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2b9da28b3df844bea3b286326a306343,
title = "Construct Validity of the Three-Factor Model of the Interpersonal Measure of Psychopathy",
abstract = "Research suggests that ratings of interpersonal behaviors during semi-structured interviews provide valid ratings of the interpersonal component of psychopathy. Prior research suggests that Interpersonal Measure of Psychopathy (IM-P) ratings are underlain by three correlated dimensions: Dominance, Grandiosity, and Boundary Violations. We examined the construct validity of the factors in a sample of 1,243 male jail inmates. Regressions indicated distinct relationships between the three IM-P factor scores and clinically relevant external correlates, after controlling for Psychopathy Checklist–Revised (PCL-R) Factor Two (F2) scores. Dominance was uniquely associated with cocaine and alcohol dependence. Grandiosity demonstrated a pattern of unique positive relationships with intelligence and achievement and negative relationships with negative emotionality suggestive of the nomological network identified for boldness. Boundary Violations was the only factor uniquely associated with three distinct measures of criminal conduct. This pattern of results suggests that each IM-P factor may reflect a distinct facet of the interpersonal component of psychopathy.",
keywords = "Interpersonal Measure of Psychopathy, assessment, construct validity, interpersonal traits, psychopathy",
author = "Hampton, {Sarah L.} and Vitacco, {Michael J} and Kosson, {David S.}",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0093854818786759",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "45",
pages = "1613--1633",
journal = "Criminal Justice and Behavior",
issn = "0093-8548",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Construct Validity of the Three-Factor Model of the Interpersonal Measure of Psychopathy

AU - Hampton, Sarah L.

AU - Vitacco, Michael J

AU - Kosson, David S.

PY - 2018/11/1

Y1 - 2018/11/1

N2 - Research suggests that ratings of interpersonal behaviors during semi-structured interviews provide valid ratings of the interpersonal component of psychopathy. Prior research suggests that Interpersonal Measure of Psychopathy (IM-P) ratings are underlain by three correlated dimensions: Dominance, Grandiosity, and Boundary Violations. We examined the construct validity of the factors in a sample of 1,243 male jail inmates. Regressions indicated distinct relationships between the three IM-P factor scores and clinically relevant external correlates, after controlling for Psychopathy Checklist–Revised (PCL-R) Factor Two (F2) scores. Dominance was uniquely associated with cocaine and alcohol dependence. Grandiosity demonstrated a pattern of unique positive relationships with intelligence and achievement and negative relationships with negative emotionality suggestive of the nomological network identified for boldness. Boundary Violations was the only factor uniquely associated with three distinct measures of criminal conduct. This pattern of results suggests that each IM-P factor may reflect a distinct facet of the interpersonal component of psychopathy.

AB - Research suggests that ratings of interpersonal behaviors during semi-structured interviews provide valid ratings of the interpersonal component of psychopathy. Prior research suggests that Interpersonal Measure of Psychopathy (IM-P) ratings are underlain by three correlated dimensions: Dominance, Grandiosity, and Boundary Violations. We examined the construct validity of the factors in a sample of 1,243 male jail inmates. Regressions indicated distinct relationships between the three IM-P factor scores and clinically relevant external correlates, after controlling for Psychopathy Checklist–Revised (PCL-R) Factor Two (F2) scores. Dominance was uniquely associated with cocaine and alcohol dependence. Grandiosity demonstrated a pattern of unique positive relationships with intelligence and achievement and negative relationships with negative emotionality suggestive of the nomological network identified for boldness. Boundary Violations was the only factor uniquely associated with three distinct measures of criminal conduct. This pattern of results suggests that each IM-P factor may reflect a distinct facet of the interpersonal component of psychopathy.

KW - Interpersonal Measure of Psychopathy

KW - assessment

KW - construct validity

KW - interpersonal traits

KW - psychopathy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85055104827&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85055104827&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0093854818786759

DO - 10.1177/0093854818786759

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85055104827

VL - 45

SP - 1613

EP - 1633

JO - Criminal Justice and Behavior

JF - Criminal Justice and Behavior

SN - 0093-8548

IS - 11

ER -