Correlates of mandrax use and condom beliefs in preventing sexually transmitted infections among a cohort of south african prison inmates

Torrance T. Stephens, Darius Gardner, Keena Jones, Sibusiso Sifunda, Ronald Braithwaite, Selina A. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations


Background: This study was designed to identify the extent to which self-reported Mandrax use impacts condom-use beliefs amongst South African prison inmates. Methods: Participantswere inmates fromfour prisons in the provinces of KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga. In total, 357 inmates participated in the parent study of which 121 are included in this analysis based on their self-reported use of Mandrax. The questionnaire was developed in English, translated into Zulu, and back translated into English. Age significantly predicted the use of Mandrax: younger prison inmates reported higher use. Linear regression analysis was conducted to determine whether the use of Mandrax was associated with length of incarceration and other demographic variables, as well as participants' self-reported condom use beliefs behavior. Results: Regression results indicated that two factors operationalizing condom-use beliefs were impacted by Mandrax use: 1) it is important to use condoms every time you have sex (p<0.01); 2) condoms work well to prevent the spread of HIV (p<0.02). Both factors were also inversely related to Mandrax use. Conclusion: STI prevention programs among prison inmates that seek to promote safer sex behaviors among men must address attitudes to condom use, specifically consistent and correct use of latex condoms and reducing substance misuse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)142-147
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Health
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May 22 2015



  • Condom use
  • Drug use
  • Mandrax
  • Prison inmates
  • South Africa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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