Cryopreservation of fetal skin is improved by extracellular trehalose

Gulsun Erdag, Ali Eroglu, Jeffrey R. Morgan, Mehmet Toner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we tested a non-permeating cryoprotectant, trehalose, in combination with dimethyl sulfoxide (Me2SO) in the cryopreservation of human fetal skin and compared it to Me2SO and glycerol, protocols that are routinely used by skin banks. The viability of fetal skin from four groups (fresh, and cryopreserved with glycerol, Me2SO, or trehalose/Me2SO) were evaluated using an in vitro membrane integrity assay and by transplantation to immunodeficient mice. The membrane integrity assay showed a 90% integrity in fresh, unfrozen fetal skin. The number of intact cells dropped to 23 and 44% in fetal skin cryopreserved with glycerol and Me2SO, respectively. When trehalose was added to the cryopreservation medium containing Me2SO, the membrane integrity rose to 65%. When transplanted to immunodeficient mice, fetal skin cryopreserved with trehalose/Me2SO showed a graft performance indistinguishable from fresh unfrozen fetal skin and strikingly better graft take than that of fetal skin cryopreserved with Me2SO or glycerol only. These results suggest that cryopreservation protocols routinely used the skin banks can be improved by combining sugars such as trehalose with a permeating cryoprotectant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)218-228
Number of pages11
JournalCryobiology
Volume44
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Trehalose
Cryopreservation
trehalose
skin (animal)
cryopreservation
Skin
Glycerol
glycerol
cryoprotectants
Membranes
Grafts
Assays
Fetal Viability
Transplants
mice
assays
dimethyl sulfoxide
Dimethyl Sulfoxide
Sugars
Rosa

Keywords

  • Cryopreservation
  • Fetus
  • Skin
  • Transplantation
  • Trehalose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Cryopreservation of fetal skin is improved by extracellular trehalose. / Erdag, Gulsun; Eroglu, Ali; Morgan, Jeffrey R.; Toner, Mehmet.

In: Cryobiology, Vol. 44, No. 3, 01.06.2002, p. 218-228.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Erdag, Gulsun ; Eroglu, Ali ; Morgan, Jeffrey R. ; Toner, Mehmet. / Cryopreservation of fetal skin is improved by extracellular trehalose. In: Cryobiology. 2002 ; Vol. 44, No. 3. pp. 218-228.
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