Determination of critical exponents from the multifragmentation of gold nuclei

M. L. Gilkes, S. Albergo, F. Bieser, F. P. Brady, Z. Caccia, D. A. Cebra, A. D. Chacon, J. L. Chance, Y. Choi, S. Costa, J. B. Elliott, J. A. Hauger, A. S. Hirsch, E. L. Hjort, A. Insolia, M. Justice, D. Keane, J. C. Kintner, V. Lindenstruth, M. A. LisaU. Lynen, H. S. Matis, M. McMahan, C. McParland, W. F.J. Müller, D. L. Olson, M. D. Partlan, N. T. Porile, R. Potenza, G. Rai, J. Rasmussen, H. G. Ritter, J. Romanski, J. L. Romero, G. V. Russo, H. Sann, R. Scharenberg, A. Scott, Y. Shao, B. K. Srivastava, T. J.M. Symons, M. Tincknell, C. Tuvé, S. Wang, P. Warren, H. H. Weiman, K. Wolf

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Abstract

Using reverse kinematics, we have studied the breakup of 1.0A GeV gold nuclei incident on a carbon target. The detector system permitted exclusive event reconstruction of nearly all charged reaction products. The moments of the resulting charged fragment distribution provide strong evidence that nuclear matter possesses a critical point observable in finite nuclei. We have determined values for the critical exponents γ, β, and τ. These values are close to those for liquid-gas systems and clearly different than those for 3D percolation and the liquid-gas mean field limit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1590-1593
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume73
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Gilkes, M. L., Albergo, S., Bieser, F., Brady, F. P., Caccia, Z., Cebra, D. A., Chacon, A. D., Chance, J. L., Choi, Y., Costa, S., Elliott, J. B., Hauger, J. A., Hirsch, A. S., Hjort, E. L., Insolia, A., Justice, M., Keane, D., Kintner, J. C., Lindenstruth, V., ... Wolf, K. (1994). Determination of critical exponents from the multifragmentation of gold nuclei. Physical Review Letters, 73(12), 1590-1593. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.73.1590