Purpose: Cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death among women worldwide, and women living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) carry the highest burden of disease. Chemoradiation (CRT) is the current standard treatment for locally advanced cervical cancer, without specific treatment modifications based on HIV status. This systematic review evaluates existing literature reporting differences in outcomes between HIV+ and HIV– women with invasive cervical cancer treated with CRT. Methods and Materials: Searches were conducted through Pubmed, Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library. Two researchers independently conducted article selection; articles were selected by title, then abstract, and then by full text content. Data were extracted using a structured form. Results: Thirteen articles were included in the analysis, all of which were either retrospective or prospective cohort studies published between 2012 and 2018, and most of which were conducted in Sub-Saharan Africa. Treatment outcomes included treatment response, survival, toxicities, and quality of life. The majority of studies (8 of 13) reported no differences in treatment outcomes by HIV status. Out of 8 studies that assessed survival, 6 reported no significant difference based on HIV status. All 4 studies assessing treatment response found no significant differences based on HIV status. Among 6 studies primarily assessing treatment toxicity, 3 showed no differences based on HIV status. Factors affecting treatment outcomes, such as treatment selection bias, pretreatment hemoglobin levels, and antiretroviral therapy administration, were not systematically accounted for. Conclusions: The majority of studies analyzed showed no differences in treatment outcomes, including overall toxicity, treatment response, or mortality, on the basis of HIV infection status. These results suggest CRT should continue to be the treatment of choice for locally invasive cervical cancer regardless of HIV status. Further study is required to more precisely account for other variables that influence treatment outcome.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging