Different patterns of autonomic nerve activity produced by a polar vs. a neutral cardiac glycoside

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Abstract

Digitalis agents react with various peripheral reflex receptor areas (i.e., carotid artery baroreceptors and cardiac mechanoreceptors) to alter autonomic nerve activity. Physical characteristics of these reflex receptors differ and thus they may respond differently to polar and neutral cardenolides. Our purpose was to determine the effect of progressive i.v. infusion of either ASI-222, a polar aminocardenolide agent, or digoxin, a neutral cardenolide, on cardiac sympathetic, efferent vagal, and carotid sinus nerve activity. Digoxin or ASI-222 were infused into anesthetized dogs at dose rates which caused cardiac arrhythmias in about 2 hr. Nerve activities were monitored and recorded by a system or differential amplifiers and by a digital storage oscilloscope. Infusion of ASI-222 progressively reduced sympathetic nerve activity (~ 55%) through the toxic dose; sympathetic nerve activity remained depressed even through the onset of cardiac arrhythmias. Digoxin also depressed cardiac sympathetic nerve activity but only at intermediate dose levels; sympathetic activity rose near the toxic dose. Digoxin increased both carotid sinus and vagal efferent nerve activity with progressive doses. In contrast, ASI-222 did not alter carotid sinus and efferent vagal nerve activity. In summary, digoxin activates carotid sinus baroreceptors; ASI-222 does not. Digoxin and ASI-222 produce different profiles of changes in cardiac autonomic nerve activity and appear to differ in autonomic reflex receptor interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)180-184
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume253
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990

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Autonomic Pathways
Cardiac Glycosides
Digoxin
Carotid Sinus
Cardenolides
Reflex
Pressoreceptors
Poisons
Cardiac Arrhythmias
Mechanoreceptors
Digitalis
Carotid Arteries
ASI-222
Dogs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

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abstract = "Digitalis agents react with various peripheral reflex receptor areas (i.e., carotid artery baroreceptors and cardiac mechanoreceptors) to alter autonomic nerve activity. Physical characteristics of these reflex receptors differ and thus they may respond differently to polar and neutral cardenolides. Our purpose was to determine the effect of progressive i.v. infusion of either ASI-222, a polar aminocardenolide agent, or digoxin, a neutral cardenolide, on cardiac sympathetic, efferent vagal, and carotid sinus nerve activity. Digoxin or ASI-222 were infused into anesthetized dogs at dose rates which caused cardiac arrhythmias in about 2 hr. Nerve activities were monitored and recorded by a system or differential amplifiers and by a digital storage oscilloscope. Infusion of ASI-222 progressively reduced sympathetic nerve activity (~ 55{\%}) through the toxic dose; sympathetic nerve activity remained depressed even through the onset of cardiac arrhythmias. Digoxin also depressed cardiac sympathetic nerve activity but only at intermediate dose levels; sympathetic activity rose near the toxic dose. Digoxin increased both carotid sinus and vagal efferent nerve activity with progressive doses. In contrast, ASI-222 did not alter carotid sinus and efferent vagal nerve activity. In summary, digoxin activates carotid sinus baroreceptors; ASI-222 does not. Digoxin and ASI-222 produce different profiles of changes in cardiac autonomic nerve activity and appear to differ in autonomic reflex receptor interactions.",
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