Differential Clinical Presentation, Intraoperative Management Strategies, and Surgical Outcomes After Endoscopic Endonasal Treatment of Cystic Sellar Masses

Ali R. Tafreshi, Robin Du, Martin J. Rutkowski, Daniel A. Donoho, Mark S. Shiroishi, Chia Shang J. Liu, Paul E. Kim, John D. Carmichael, Gabriel Zada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Cystic sellar masses (CSMs) pose diagnostic and therapeutic challenges associated with subtotal cyst wall resection, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak repair, and disease recurrence. Current magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) interpretation often cannot reliably differentiate CSMs, mandating adaptable intraoperative strategies. We reviewed our diagnostic and therapeutic experience after endoscopic endonasal approaches (EEAs) for CSMs. Methods: A retrospective record review of patients with CSM managed via EEA at the University of Southern California from 2011 to 2018 was conducted. Patient demographics, preoperative characteristics, surgical details, pathologic findings, and postoperative outcomes were assessed. Results: Analysis included 47 patients (mean age, 43.2 years); of these, 78.7% were women. Preoperative symptoms included headache (76.6%) and vision loss (42.6%). Histologically verified sellar pathology included 27 Rathke cleft cysts (RCCs) (57.4%), 17 cystic pituitary adenomas (CPAs) (36.2%), 2 arachnoid cysts (4.3%), and 1 xanthogranuloma (2.1%). Twelve patients (70.6%) with CPAs underwent complete resection and 5 (29.4%) underwent subtotal resection. All 27 patients with RCC and 2 patients with arachnoid cyst underwent complete fenestration and drainage. One xanthogranuloma was completely resected. There were 14 intraoperative (29.8%) and 4 postoperative CSF leaks (8.5%). Headaches, vision, and endocrinopathy improved in 69.2%, 80.0%, and 33.3% of patients with CPA and 73.9%, 71.4%, and 40.9% of patients with RCC, respectively. There were 2 RCC recurrences and 1 CPA recurrence over the follow-up period. Conclusions: Surgeons must prepare for versatile management strategies of CSMs based on pretest probability associated with MRI and intraoperative findings. Outcomes after EEA for CSMs show low complication profiles and excellent rates of headache and visual improvement, albeit lower rates of endocrine normalization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e241-e251
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Volume133
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Adenoma
  • Arachnoid cyst
  • Endoscopic
  • Pituitary
  • Rathke cleft cyst
  • Sella
  • Transsphenoidal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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