Differential release of extracellular vesicle tRNA from oxidative stressed renal cells and ischemic kidneys

Hee Kyung Lee, Byung Rho Lee, Tae Jin Lee, Chang Min Lee, Chenglong Li, Paul M. O’Connor, Zheng Dong, Sang Ho Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

While urine-based liquid biopsy has expanded to the analyses of extracellular nucleic acids, the potential of transfer RNA (tRNA) encapsulated within extracellular vesicles has not been explored as a new class of urine biomarkers for kidney injury. Using rat kidney and mouse tubular cell injury models, we tested if extracellular vesicle-loaded tRNA and their m1A (N1-methyladenosine) modification reflect oxidative stress of kidney injury and determined the mechanism of tRNA packaging into extracellular vesicles. We determined a set of extracellular vesicle-loaded, isoaccepting tRNAs differentially released after ischemia–reperfusion injury and oxidative stress. Next, we found that m1A modification of extracellular vesicle tRNAs, despite an increase of the methylated tRNAs in intracellular vesicles, showed little or no change under oxidative stress. Mechanistically, oxidative stress decreases tRNA loading into intracellular vesicles while the tRNA-loaded vesicles are accumulated due to decreased release of the vesicles from the cell surface. Furthermore, Maf1-mediated transcriptional repression of the tRNAs decreases the cargo availability for extracellular vesicle release in response to oxidative stress. Taken together, our data support that release of extracellular vesicle tRNAs reflects oxidative stress of kidney tubules which might be useful to detect ischemic kidney injury and could lead to rebalance protein translation under oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1646
JournalScientific reports
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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