Direct assay of glycosphingolipid glycosyltransferase activities on thin-layer chromatogram

Xinbin Gu, Tianjue Gu, Robert K Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A modified method for the determination of glycosphingolipid glycosyltransferase activity using high-performance thin-layer chromatographic (HPTLC) plates has been developed. An acceptor glycosphingo-lipid was chromatographed on an HPTLC plate and was incubated with an enzyme mixture and an appropriate radioactive sugar nucleotide. After incubation, the plate was washed with phosphate buffer and 2% Tween 80. The radiolabeled reaction product was scrapped off the plate and the radioactivity determined using a liquid scintillation counter or, alternatively, the plate was exposed to an X-ray film to reveal the radioactive product. We have used this assay method to determine the activities of rat brain cytidine 5′-monophosphate-N-acetylneuraminic acid: LacCer-, GM3-, GM1-, or GD3-sialyltransferases. This method is sensitive, fast, and reliable and is capable of assaying simultaneously the activities of glycosyltransferases with multiple acceptor specificity. It should be useful in monitoring the enzyme activities present in various column fractions during chromatographic fractionation of glycosyltransferases with different substrate specificities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-155
Number of pages5
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Volume185
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 1990
Externally publishedYes

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Glycosphingolipids
Glycosyltransferases
Assays
Cytidine Monophosphate N-Acetylneuraminic Acid
X ray films
Sialyltransferases
Cytidine
Scintillation Counting
Scintillation counters
X-Ray Film
Polysorbates
Distillation columns
Radioactivity
Enzyme activity
N-Acetylneuraminic Acid
Enzymes
Fractionation
Substrate Specificity
Reaction products
Sugars

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Direct assay of glycosphingolipid glycosyltransferase activities on thin-layer chromatogram. / Gu, Xinbin; Gu, Tianjue; Yu, Robert K.

In: Analytical Biochemistry, Vol. 185, No. 1, 15.02.1990, p. 151-155.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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